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Energy Communities Repository

Energy sharing for energy communities - a reference guide


Publication date
12 January 2024
Directorate-General for Energy | Energy Communities Repository
Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czechia, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden


Energy sharing is an emerging concept within the energy sector, which has the potential to play a vital role in the context of the energy transition. It empowers consumers to collectively operate renewable energy systems and access the generated electricity at reduced rates. In the past, consumers needed to set up a supplier in order to self-consume the energy they jointly produced. Now, this can now be done through energy sharing based on collective investments, service agreements or purchase agreements.

The purpose of this document is to provide a reference guide to energy communities looking into setting up an energy sharing initiative. In particular, this reference guide provides information and an overview of resources on different business models, and regulatory approaches from different Member States related to energy sharing within energy communities. This guide does not aim to be exhaustive, nor does it represent a qualitative evaluation or endorsement of the approaches and solutions presented.

Language: English



12 JANUARY 2024
Energy Sharing for Energy Communities - a reference guide